Definition – Inflammation of the gingival tissue at the necks of the teeth.
Features – Redness of the gum margins, swelling and bleeding while brushing.
Causes – Diabetes, smoking, aging, puberty, poor nutrition, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases, stress, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, HIV, and certain medications.
Treatment – Professional treatment and good oral hygiene practices.
Definition – When untreated gingivitis affects the bone and supporting tissue, it is termed periodontitis.
Features – Formation of pockets or loose teeth, receding gums and gums.
Causes – Oral hygiene and genetic predisposition.
Treatment – Prevention is achieved with daily self-performed oral hygiene and professional cleaning on a regular basis.
New treatment modalities – Antimicrobial therapy, laser therapy and tissue engineering for tissue repair and regeneration.
Luckily, periodontal disease is preventable if you add these habits to your daily routine.